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FEATURED glossary

Paleolithic Diet

The paleolithic diet (Paleo diet) - aka cavemen diet - is based on the concept that we should aim to eat as close as possible to the way our Stone Age ancestors did before the introduction to agriculture some 10,000 years ago. The premise is that humans have not changed much in 10,000 years at the genetic level. So, genetically speaking, we have evolved to thrive on a Paleo diet. The Paleolithic era lasted about 2,5 million years and ended 10,000 years ago with the advent of agriculture (Neolithic era).

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Taurine


Taurine is an organic acid found in animal and human tissue. It is sometimes called an amino acid but, technically, it is not as it lacks a carboxyl group. Taurine is a naturally occurring sulfonic acid. It can be derived from the amino acid cysteine.

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SuperStarch


SuperStarch is ground up corn (non-GMO) that is cooked with a unique patent pending natural process. It's a natural, gluten-free complex carbohydrate that uniquely stabilizes blood sugar and causes virtually no reaction from the fat-storage hormone insulin. Originally discovered for children with life-threatening energy imbalances, SuperStarch is made by Generation UCAN.

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Bromelain


Bromelain is a sulfur containing enzyme extracted from the stem and fruit of pineapple plants. It is used in alternative medicine for its anti-inflammatory properties. It is also found in dietary supplements such as joint health and post exercise.

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Curcumin


Curcumin is one of the active ingredients found in Turmeric - a plant native to Indian used as a culinary spice. It is known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and liver protecting properties.

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Devil's Claw


Devil's Claw (Harpagophytum) - aka grapple plant or wood spider - is a South African plant containing substances called iridoid glycosides that have anti-inflammatory properties.

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Chondroitin Sulfate


Chondroitin sulfate is a natural component of several tissues in the body. It is an important component of cartilage that helps resist compression. One of chondroitin sulfate's important functions is its ability to block the activity of enzymes that break down cartilage.

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Ornithine


Ornithine (L-Ornithine) is a key amino acid (along with arginine and citrulline) involved in the urea cycle (the process by which humans and other mammals excrete ammonia). Exercise elevates ammonia levels in the blood which, in turn, increases fatigue.

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Citrulline


Citrulline is an amino acid that has been shown to reduce fatigue and increase endurance. For this reason, it is often used as a supplement by endurance athletes.

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Tapioca


Tapioca is a starch extracted from the Cassava plant (it is known by many other names around the world). It is widely used as a source of food in many regions of the world. It is often added as a thickening agent to food preparation and it's a source of carbohydrate in sports nutrition. It is considered gluten free.

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Sugar


Sugars are simple carbohydrates which are made of either simple sugars (monosaccharides) or disaccharides (2 joined monosaccharides). They are generally sweet and a quick source of energy. As a result, they are common in sports drinks, bars, gels, and chews to name a few. They are also typically combined with more complex carbohydrates (like starch) to provide athletes with carbohydrates that convert to usable energy at different speeds (digest at different rates).

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Citric Acid


Citric acid is a weak organic acid. It is primarily used to add a sour taste to foods. It is also a natural preservative so is widely added to foods and sports nutrition.

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Hyponatremia


Hyponatremia is an electrolyte disturbance (disturbance of the salts in the blood) in which the concentration in the plasma is too low. Over hydrating with plain water, especially during exercise that causes loss of electrolyte through sweat, can dilute essential electrolytes in the body, causing disorientation, illness and in rare cases, death.

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Vitamin D


Vitamin D is a fat soluble essential vitamin that plays an important role in disease prevention and in maintaining optimal health. Vitamin D affects nearly 3000 genes in the human body, and supports our bodies in many ways including bone health, teeth health, and helps support a strong immune system.

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Potassium Sorbate


Potassium sorbate is made from sorbic acid (natural organic compound found in some berries). It has antimicrobial properties so is often used as a food preservative to stop the growth of things like mold and yeast.

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Collagen


Collagen is the primary protein of various connective tissues and makes up a significant percentage of our body's total protein content. It's found in connective tissues such as cartilage, tendons, ligament, bones, and skin.

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Turmeric


Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a plant of the ginger family. It's native to India and used as a spice in Indian cuisine. One of its active ingredient is curcumin which is known to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and liver protecting properties.

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Boswellia Serrata


Boswellia serrata is an Indian aromatic resin from the Boswellia tree. It has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for hundreds of years in the treatment of arthritis and other joint ailments.

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Glucosamine


Glucosamine is an amino sugar, a type of carbohydrate used for structural tissues instead of as an energy source. It is naturally found in the exoskeletons of shellfish, as well as bones and fungi.

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Carnosine


Carnosine is a molecule made of the 2 amino acids beta-alanine and histidine and is primarily found in muscle and brain tissue. It is important in sports because it helps buffering lactic acid that is released by the muscles during exercise. It also has strong antioxidant properties.

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Flavonoid


Flavonoids occur naturally in vegetables, fruits, and edible plants. They are phytochemicals that have strong antioxidant properties that provide numerous benefits to human health such as protecting against cardiovascular disease and lowering blood pressure.ccur naturally in vegetables, fruits, and edible plants. They are phytochemicals that have strong antioxidant properties that provide numerous benefits to human health.

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Natural flavor


Natural flavors can come from a wide array of natural chemicals (plant, animal etc.) as opposed to artificial (human made) chemicals. So, a natural flavor differs from an artificial flavor in the source (origin) of the chemicals used.

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Creatine


Creatine is a naturally occurring substance (organic acid) that helps provide energy to all the body’s cells. For athletes, it is important because it helps make adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in muscles. Although creatine is a nonessential nutrient (it is synthesize from amino acids so you don’t need to get it directly from your diet), athletes often supplement with creatine to increase muscle mass and strength.

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Maltodextrin


Maltodextrin is a complex carbohydrate derived from starch. It's made up of D-glucose units joined together. It is easily digested and absorbed so is popular in sports drinks and gels for example. It's usually derived from corn in the US and wheat in Europe but can be derived from any starch. The maltodextrin D-glucose chain typically are 3 to 7 units long. The shorter the chain, the sweeter.

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Gluten


Gluten is a protein composite comprised of the proteins gliadin and a glutelin found in wheat and other grain species. Gluten makes dough elastic and help it rise. Although often called gluten, the protein in corn (maize) and rice is different to true gluten (gliadin + glutelin).

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Magnesium


Magnesium is an essential dietary mineral that is important in over 300 enzymatic systems including muscle contraction, nerve function, ATP activation, protein synthesis, & blood sugar regulation.

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Sodium Hyaluronate


Sodium Hyaluronate is the salt form of Hyaluronic Acid. Hyaluronic Acid is a component of synovial (joint fluid) where it increases the viscosity of the fluid and is one of the main lubricants.

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Quercetin


Quercetin is a flavonoid - plant pigment - typically found in fruits (like apples), vegetables (like onions), leafy vegetables, and other food sources like grains. It is known as a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory and may also act as an antihistamine.

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Yucca Root


Yucca Root is frequently used to combat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. It contains high levels of beneficial phytochemical compounds known as saponins, which may provide anti-viral, anti-fungal, and antibacterial benefits as well.

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Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM)


Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a metabolite of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), a well-known solvent, which has been used topically as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory. MSM is an organic form of sulfur, which is necessary for proper synthesis and maintenance of tissues such as skin, hair, nails, tendons and cartilage.

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Glutathione


Glutathione is one of the body's most powerful intracellular antioxidants. It's a tripeptide made of the amino acids glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine found in every cell of the body. The body produces glutathione to control excess free radicals (reactive particles that damage cells) and remove toxins and other environmental pollutants from your cells.

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Beta-Alanine


Beta-Alanine is a natural amino acid that has been shown to increase muscular endurance, boost strength, improve exercise capacity (so you can exercise longer), and delay muscular fatigue. Beta-Alanine helps synthesize lactic acid to be re-used as fuel. Because of these benefits, this well studied amino acid is found in numerous quality endurance sports nutrition supplements.

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Lipoprotein lipase


Lipoprotein lipase is a water soluble enzyme that is made in fatty tissue and muscle. It helps carry fat from your bloodstream to your muscles to be used as fuel.

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Erythritol


Erythritol is a non-artificial sugar alcohol (hydrogenated carbohydrate). It is naturally occurring in some fruits and fermented foods. As a food additive, it is generally derived from the natural process of fermentation of sugars and starches. Like other sugar alcohol, it is typically used to replace sugar since it’s practically calorie free (it has 0.02 calories/gram) but yet has about 70% of sugar’s sweetness.

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Glutamine


Glutamine is a conditionally essential proteinogenic (protein building) amino acid. Under normal conditions, it is considered nonessential because it can be synthesized (made) from other substances (synthesized from the amino acid glutamate by the enzyme gluatamine synthetase). However, during intense training, illness, or injury, it can become conditionally essential (meaning you need to get it from your diet or supplements). This is why athletes often supplement with glutamine to help maintain muscle health.

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Arginine


Arginine (L-Arginine) is an amino acid. It is one of the protein building amino acids in the human body. It is considered a semi-essential amino acid which means that, although the body can make it (does not need to come from the diet), the body often doesn't synthesis enough so getting it from the diet can have benefits especially for athletes.

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Ascorbic Acid


Ascorbic acid is a form of vitamin C that is water-soluble and has antioxidant properties. It is a naturally occurring organic component found in the biology of plants, animals, and single cell organisms. All animals make it or eat it. Humans can not make it so they must get it from their diet.

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