GLOSSARY TERMS

Paleolithic Diet

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The paleolithic diet (Paleo diet) - aka cavemen diet - is based on the concept that we should aim to eat as close as possible to the way our Stone Age ancestors did before the introduction to agriculture some 10,000 years ago. The premise is that humans have not changed much in 10,000 years at the genetic level. So, genetically speaking, we have evolved to thrive on a Paleo diet. The Paleolithic era lasted about 2,5 million years and ended 10,000 years ago with the advent of agriculture (Neolithic era).

Hyponatremia

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Hyponatremia is an electrolyte disturbance (disturbance of the salts in the blood) in which the concentration in the plasma is too low. Over hydrating with plain water, especially during exercise that causes loss of electrolyte through sweat, can dilute essential electrolytes in the body, causing disorientation, illness and in rare cases, death.

Gluten

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Gluten is a protein composite comprised of the proteins gliadin and a glutelin found in wheat and other grain species. Gluten makes dough elastic and help it rise. Although often called gluten, the protein in corn (maize) and rice is different to true gluten (gliadin + glutelin).

Ascorbic Acid

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Ascorbic acid is a form of vitamin C that is water-soluble and has antioxidant properties. It is a naturally occurring organic component found in the biology of plants, animals, and single cell organisms. All animals make it or eat it. Humans can not make it so they must get it from their diet.


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